Work becomes a standard, a measure by which they are able to evaluate their own worth, their own moral standing — both against their own ideal expectations and those around them.  The problem could be that working-class parents did not have these values instilled in them; therefore, they are less likely to pass these values on to their children. Seven in 10 NAWC respondents reported having children, while Gleaners were 14 percent less likely have them.
Work in and of itself is a “good thing,” instilling the New American Working Class with a basis for self-respect. While one in three NAWC respondents was definitely concerned over the “wealth gap” between the poor and rich, nearly half of all Gleaners were. Another said, “it feels good to work,” and that it provides a “family” atmosphere. Specifically, they were 11 percent more likely to have at least a four-year college degree (28 percent vs. 17 percent), 8 percent more likely to be 60 years old or younger (61 percent vs. 52 percent), and 6 percent more likely to be a woman (44 percent vs. 38 percent). N. pag.
We collected data from 201 panel survey responses regarding their political preferences and demographic attributes.
Framework for Understanding Poverty. Family expectations passed down through the generations, or even the broader societal influences in their networks, were one way to instill an inherent dignity to the idea of working for many. Moral Self-Image: Work is a way to measure our own substance and that of others4. When work is valued, as it is by the New American Working Class, it provides a counter-force to dependence and tribalism.
The conventional view of work is that it is a source of stress and conflict.
On the surface, the relationship between Americans and their work would seem to be shaped by the “collar divide.” That is, the color of your collar could predict who you were: your demographics, your attitudes, and your politics. Not coincidentally, the typical working-class, two-parent household is also disappearing.
This is an important problem because social integration predicts student retention, and working class students are twice as likely as middle class students to drop out before their second year of college because they lack the persistence they need to face challenges and succeed in college.. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Educational attainment in the United States. The Frontier Center performed 32, 45- to 60-minute “Laddering” interviews (30 hours) based on the Means-End Theory via telephone to uncover these deeply held core values that explain their connection to work. Due to the extent of their interactions outside of the home, the children of concerted cultivation develop a greater mastery of language and are instilled with a sense of entitlement, both of which allows them to become more comfortable when interacting with institutions. The story may not have been put into words, but many Americans instinctively feel a sense of connection with seemingly dissimilar people, simply through a common connection to the concept of work. In terms of beliefs and attitudes, we found five significant variables that describe the New American Working Class and differentiate them from the Gleaners, the cohort of Americans for whom work is not deeply meaningful: • Political Affiliation• Wealth and the Wealthy• Automation and Universal Basic Income• Children and Education• Belief in God. Social Inequality and Social Stratification in US Society. Similarly, the material benefits rewarded as the fruits of labor provide additional self-sufficiency, precluding the need to seek outside sources of revenue – namely, from the state -- to fund one’s own existence. The schools in the lower income districts are characterized by overcrowding and lack of resources. Qualitative and quantitative research conducted from July to August 2018.  Residential segregation occurs when people segregate themselves based on class and race. Inheritance plays a strong role in the way parents and children view and value education. This program allows children and parents to become more familiar with teachers and to form stronger bonds. It also allowed family members to demonstrate to the next generation how that culture relates to work, developing those traits and the hope of the culture continuing on. As a result of this, low income school districts have lower involvement in parent teacher conferences. As a consequence, working-class children mature in narrow social settings, receive fewer resources, and feel less entitlement. It facilitates community. Townsend recalls her own admission letter from Stanford … Working class values are the good principles that guide the working class: hard work, honest living, traditional marriage, family values, and remembering one's roots. This was intended to provide members of each social class with an education befitting their expected future status—toil or leadership. Working class education is the education of working-class people. In order to obtain these insights, The Frontier Center utilized the behavioral science foundations of the means-end value standard, which establishes a hierarchy of meaning in how people relate to products, issues, or concepts.
They see their participation in this long history of humanity as an affirmation of their proper place in our society. When schools and teachers are not receiving the goods required to fulfill their duty, students cannot be expected to display the motivation to learn in a flawed system. Of the entire pool of respondents identifying as blue-collar, a large majority - two-thirds - fell into the New American Working Class.
Against a broader societal context of strained community, work is taking on a greater role in providing a sense of mooring and community; others said it make them feel a “complete person.”. Both those whose work has a clearly defined social impact, such as a nurse or doctor or teacher, and those for whom work was more task-oriented, like cashiers or corporate workers, had common ways of positively viewing work. Programs that have been introduced into lower income schools include the following:, The examples and perspective in this article. By strengthening the student and teacher relationship, students are able to receive more guidance from their teachers and grow more comfortable, which may be a lacking opportunity in the home. Beyond the connection with others and with a natural design, work avoids the strain of boredom.  Because working-class parents are often uncomfortable around authority figures, they are less likely to communicate with their child's teacher or become involved in the school.
Another defining trait of this group manifested itself not in their specific views on political issues, religion, or America in general, but rather in millennials’ tendency to respond with neutrality. Mental Health: Work is part of our natural design3.  They were in charge scholastically and anyone under them was not receiving the same social or academic opportunity.
While a “collar” indicates the type of work being done, examining the attitudes behind the meaning of work offers more salient insights into how Americans’ work relates to their view of themselves, their country, and to each other. Work provides independence, satisfaction, stimulation, and being in harmony with one’s innate design. Unequal Childhoods. Building skill sets and overcoming challenges also confirmed with the New American Working Class that their education and other investments affirmed the worth of their work as having been worth all investments made thus far. For many people, the group is … As work takes up more of our time, and especially as women find themselves working longer hours, the New American Working class said they sought indications that their investments in education, time, and sacrifices made in other ways, had been worth it. The stimulation of work also provides challenges – and with them, a source of real, felt accomplishment. Support for President Trump unites NAWC across collars. The NAWC’s attitudes and lifestyle characteristics regarding children and education track their prioritization of family as expressed in the qualitative research interviews. Payne, Ruby. The higher class was known as elite and their education was advanced and gifted. The ambition for self-improvement, discussed under the Mental Health section above, was also cause for seeking approval from colleagues and superiors, namely that they were “exceeding company goals” and “keeping up with competition,” as Stacey said. It allows the empowerment of being able to serve others and to give of one’s resources. Schools have been left with the responsibility of being the only places for some children to learn the rules and values that are present in most institutions.. Family: Work connects us to generations past, present, and future. The sense of connection begets a healthy mental state, for the New American Working Class: “You feel better at the end of the day,” said Cynthia. On a deeper level, the New American Working Class relished the freedom to be true to one’s self and not defined by others. As previously mentioned, the NAWC united Americans across the “collar divide” through identifying deep sources of connection with work; while the shared values explain why they are connected, how the NAWC relates to politics, belief in God, and the American Dream, are manifestations of that common bedrock. Based on this cluster analysis and a study of the individual ladders, a hierarchical value map was then formulated reflecting the shared attributes/consequences/values.
Another dividing line exists between the NAWC and Gleaners in how they envision the future of work in America. This positive view resulted in a sense of well-being and psychological sustenance associated not with their pocketbook but with the way they were spending a more precious commodity: time. Due to the lack of resources in needy schools, educational facilities are forced to develop support systems that do not have any additional costs. Figure 1 - Hierarchical Value Map of Mental Health Value. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Working_class_education&oldid=971464592, Articles with limited geographic scope from November 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. However, these numbers do not seem to imply that the NAWC is also significantly more “religious;” they were only 6 percent more likely to attend religious services than the Gleaners. This causes some working class children to not get the attention and help they require. Shipler, David. Yet even as Americans are increasingly told how they are divided, we have found, through inquiry powered by behavioral science, that a powerful unity exists. Politically, millennials identify as either Democrat (six in 10) or Independent (four in 10), hold Donald Trump in low regard (seven in 10 either somewhat or very unfavorable), and are much less likely to vote (four in 10 hardly voting, never voting, or not registered). Being able to refer back to a measure of what makes a person worthy of respect provides these workers stability in a context of shifting moralities and hazy standards.
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