scandinavian mountains highest peak
T, Galdhøpiggen seen from west, Norway's highest mountain, Landscape between Abisko National Park and Kebnekaise. Scandinavian Mountains. [9][A] The southern part of the mountain range contains the highest mountain of Northern Europe, Galdhøpiggen at almost 2,500 m.[11] This part of the mountain chain is also broader and contains a series of plateaux and gently undulating surfaces[9][12] that hosts scattered inselbergs. Moisture from the Atlantic Ocean cools at the Northern end the range forming glaciers and ice fields. A 2012 study argues that the Scandinavian Mountains and other elevated passive continental margins most likely share the same mechanism of uplift and that this mechanism is related to far-field stresses in Earth's lithosphere. The presence of these deposits is closely related to the old structure of the tectonic plates and the magma that penetrated the plates. Tectonic processes are thought to have led to the rise of the mountains about 66 million years ago. They are taller than 3,000 ft. [14] Karst systems, with their characteristic caves and sinkholes, occur at various places in the Scandinavian Mountains, but are more common in the northern parts. All mountain names are in Sami but with the more common Swedish spelling of it. [19] The uplift of South Norway has elevated the westernmost extension of the sub-Cambrian peneplain which forms part of what is known as the Paleic surface[D] in Norway. [19][20] The Caledonian Mountains began a post-orogenic collapse in the Devonian, implying tectonic extension and subsidence. Most of the mountains are concentrated in Jotunheimen, in Southern Norway. The snow-capped southern peak of Lapland’s Kebnekaise, in the Scandinavian Mountains, reaches 2,097.5 meters (6,881.6 feet) above sea level, making it the highest point in Sweden. [23] A two-stage model of uplift has been proposed for the Scandinavian Mountains in South Norway. The names Kölen and Kjølen are often preferentially used for the northern part, where the mountains form a narrow range near the border region of Norway and Sweden. [24] Geologically, the Scandinavian Mountains are an elevated, passive continental margin similar to the mountains and plateaux found on the opposite side of the North Atlantic in Eastern Greenland or in Australia's Great Dividing Range. The förfjäll stretch for about 404 miles from Dalarna to Norrbotten. [12] Here is a list of the tallest peaks in Norway: The Galdhøpiggen is Norway’s tallest mountain as well as the tallest mountain in all of northern Europe. [C], The origin of today's mountain topography is debated by geologists. Geologists hold that all these formed a single range prior to the breakup of the ancient supercontinent Pangaea. [14], The Cenozoic glaciations that affected Fennoscandia most likely began in the Scandinavian Mountains. The tallest mountain is Galdhøpiggen at 8,100 ft; it is located in the southern part of the range in Norway. Norway is a country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula in northern Europe. A ski center called the Galdhøpiggen summer ski center is also present here. The second place is occupied by Mount Glittertind with 2465 m at its highest point. Guides might be required by the tourists to cross the Styggebreen glacier. This campaign will be held on the occasion of the centenary of the anniversary of the independence of Finland, to be held in 2017. Rental . In Sweden, the mountain range stretches from northern Dalarna and head northwards. [14] Glacial erosion is thought to have contributed to the shift of the divide, which in some cases ought to have been in excess of 50 km. [14] Much of the Scandinavian Mountains has been sculpted by glacal erosion. The current mountains are remnants of the Caledonian mountains. About 25% of the peninsula is in the north of the Arctic Circle. The mountains of the range are not very high but are among the steepest in the world. In Northern Norway, permafrost becomes common from about 800 – 900 m amsl on the western slope and some 200 - 300 meter lower on the eastern slope. The mountains have been eroded to one-fifth of their original height, and are one of the oldest still extant mountain ranges in the world. The summit of this mountain was first conquered in 1841 by Hans Sletten and Harald Nicolai Storm Wergeland. The following highest peaks of Norway are: Sweden has twelve Swedish peaks that exceed 2000 m. Eight of these are in the Sarek National Park and in the northern region of Kebnekaise stand the peak Kebnekaise with 2103 m (Lapland). [26][27] In South Norway, the Scandinavian Mountains had their main uplift phase later (Neogene) than in northern Scandinavia which had its main phase of uplift in the Paleogene.

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