portia quality of mercy speech analysis
Note how the simile works with Portia's opening line to illustrate her view of mercy. His spirituality and belief in the gods also increased. For example, along with appealing mercy, it indirectly shows numerous qualities of Portia’s character, though mercy is not primary among them. Portia also tries to explain that mercy is gentle and no respecter of class or staus - it should "fall" on,or be available to, all. Instead, it has to be given freely. Antonio cannot repay him. Here's an interesting bit of trivia, by the way, since Portia is invoking God in this speech. Mercy also benefits the merciful. "An analysis of Portia's speech with regards to the essential differences between mercy and justice in the Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare." Mercy is natural. Sway means "rule or dominion.". In some ways, Portia is wasting her breath trying to show him what mercy should be like - he is glad of the opportunity to get his own back and therfore mercy has use for him. Shylock could have relented on numerous occasions during the scene. © 2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. WriteWork contributors. Oct. 23, 2012 Anne Tyler ... ... mountain goat could slip. The purposes can be harmful, protective or for p... ...late 1500’s and the early 1600’s when Shakespeare wrote a majority of his plays, society was structured upon the morals of the Elizabethan era. starTop subjects are Literature, History, and Social Sciences. Just as God reigns above the king in the natural order, mercy is a more ennobling quality than the austerity of power represented by the sceptre. It is the speech in which Portia begs Shylock for mercy. One might imagine Portia's delivery of the first 14 lines playing to the general audience within the court. And now, Portia shifts from the earthly to the ethereal. Portia is also deflecting any responsibility for Antonio's well-being from the court—after all, the court can only make their judgment based upon the law and the will of the plaintiff—and placing it squarely upon Shylock. It is this last point that Portia makes which focuses upon the blind cruelty and dangerous hatred of Shylock as he continues to insist on his pound of flesh. 2004. 09 2004. In the play The Merchant Of Venice by William Shakespeare, the author examines the themes of justice, mercy and forgiveness. Accessed 09, 2004. https://www.studymode.com/essays/Analysis-Portia-s-Speech-Regards-Essential-Differences-Bet-65044522.html. Portia says that the "quality of mercy is not strained", it is not a forced effort but something that one already possesses. Mercy is reciprocal, and "twice blest", bringing good tidings to both "him that gives and him that takes". Antonio and the Christians because of the hate he has for them. An analysis of Portia's speech with regards to the essential differences between mercy and justice in the Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare.. (2004, September 07). Portia says that mercy is divine, as it "droppeth...from heaven" and "an attribute to God himself". If something is strained, it is overused and under pressure: water resources, for example, might become strained during a drought. She believes that a person can benefit from forgiveness by forgiving others. If he chooses the right casket, he will get to marry Portia and gain all of her wealth as well. However, the presence of all those short "i" vowel sounds versus the long "o" of "enthronéd" tends to make the spoken line sound that way no matter how you scan it. Generally, we find the use of this quote by someone who means to insult or show offensiveness against someone that seems recalcitrant, stubborn, and uninterested in social conventions and humanitarianism. StudyMode.com. In turn, the whole theme of the scene takes its cue from the Sermon on the Mount; to quote the King James Bible, Matthew 5:7, "Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy." Although ... situation where Gene's jealousy becomes so overwhelming that he pushes Finny out of a tree. What is a character sketch of the six suitors in The Merchant of Venice? Here we have that rare case of Shakespeare using an alexandrine, or six feet of pentameter rather than the normal five of blank verse. Copyright © 2020 Literary Devices. Portia extends an olive branch; Shylock will have none of it, and so wreaks his own downfall out of stubborn pride. This is an extract from Shakespeare’s play “The Merchant of Venice”. "The Solitary Reaper" by William Wordsworth. At the same time, it makes the somewhat daring implication (for those "divine right of kings" days, at least), that it may not be the crown that makes the king. Explain the role of Portia in The Merchant of Venice. The speech that has these words in it is spoken by Portia in Act IV, Scene 1 of this play. It's also amazing that he respects other people's qualities too. The Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare Mercy is abundant and freely poured on the earth by God, just like the rain. Learn more. First, it reinforces the caesura (marked by the semicolon) by flanking it with hard stresses. Mercy is a divine and noble attribute, like when someone imposes harsh justice, but then opts for mercy, he displays God-like attributes. According to the contract between the two men, Shylock can now demand a pound of flesh from any part of Antonio's body as payment. A moneylender named Shylock had given Antonio a loan. Upon the place beneath is a poetic way of saying "the ground" in context. Retrieved 09, 2004, from https://www.studymode.com/essays/Analysis-Portia-s-Speech-Regards-Essential-Differences-Bet-65044522.html, "An analysis of Portia's speech with regards to the essential differences between mercy and justice in the Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare." Web. There were not a lot of bears in the are, but there were a lot of hunters to catch them. This line makes the turning point in Portia's speech (begun in the line above by ""Therefore, Jew"). From the 2004 film version with Al Pacino as Shylock and Lynn Collins as Portia: People may appear to be one way but turn out to be an entirely different. Rhythmically, the line is basic iambic pentameter with the now familiar feminine ending. Because the duke cannot be an impartial judge, he has written Doctor Bellario and in his stead, Balthasar appears (Portia in disguise). Hence, it is like an insult for those demonstrating mercy. Portia’s best qualities are her logic and intelligence. It seems that Portia and the court is willing to meet even the vestige of mercy in kind. The word "mercy" has 276 occurrences in the King James Bible, according to concordances; the word "justice" occurs 28 times. Is it justified? Temporal means "pertaining to this life or this world, not spiritual, not eternal; earthly" in this context (deriving from Anglo-French via the Latin temporalis, "of time"). Despite Portia's lack of formal legal training, she wins her case by referring to the details of the exact language of the law. Justice may not necessary include mercy. You see that the idea of mercy in the passage has a close connection with the Christian idea of salvation. In this way, Portia directly makes an appeal to Shylock to leave Antonio’s life, saying that, as we all pray and plead to God for mercy, to be merciful and kind towards us, likewise Shylock should be merciful and kind to him, and he will get a reward from heaven. Mercy cannot be forced by anyone; it is something that one must come up within himself. WriteWork.com. Justice is strict and condemning, as the place where justice is practised is described as the "strict court of Venice". WriteWork contributors, "An analysis of Portia's speech with regards to the essential differences between mercy and justice in the Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare.," WriteWork.com, https://www.writework.com/essay/analysis-portia-s-speech-regards-essential-differences-bet (accessed October 19, 2020). It is twice blest: It blesseth him that gives and him that takes. Portia points out that God is merciful, and forgives us for our sins, and "in the course of justice none of us should see salvation". 1) Antonio- In sooth, I know not why I am so sad. ...The Merchant of Venice Speech It is given by Portia, who has disguised herself as a man so that she can defend Antonio in a court of law. Although some of these contrasts ... An analysis of Portia's speech with regards to the essential differences between mercy and justice in the Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. In Portia's oratory, she is attempting to get Shylock to be less rigid in his demand for justice. Because this is the termination of a two-line dependent clause, this is one of those stretches in which the casual reader of Shakespeare can occasionally get confused. Only with the mercy of God would they be delivered. Mercy is something that is powerful. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. And now, back to our regularly scheduled analysis.... Iambic pentameter doesn't get much more straightforward than this. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. His refusal combined with a to-the-letter interpretation of his bond is what destroys him. Contact Us | Privacy policy. ...The similarities between Ser Giovanni's Il Pecorone and William Shakespeare's A Merchant of Venice are blatantly obvious. This line employs a masculine ending (an extra stressed syllable at the end of the line) as a variant, bringing more emphasis to the name of God at the end of the line. . Next to the phrase "a pound of flesh," Portia's lovely paean to mercy is probably the most memorable part of The Merchant.


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