persian gulf

All data collected through our Website is stored on servers located in the United States. 16 Oct. 2020 . Please see our “advertisers” section above for details. Iran;Levant Company;Mercantilism;Millets and Capitulations;OPEC;Petroleum;Piracy;Privateering;Saʿud Family;Ship Types;United Kingdom;United States. The Persian Gulf at the Dawn of the New Millennium. In the 1860s the British India Steam Navigation Company (BI) began a regular service from Bombay to Basra. Ethnic Groups, Armenians; Ethnic Groups, Jews; When you visit our Website, we collect certain information related to your device, such as your IP address, what pages you visit on our Website, whether you were referred to by another website, and at what time you accessed our Website. East India Company, British; The sea has an area of about 93,000 square miles (241,000 square km). In 1622 the shah of Iran joined with the English East India Company to take Hormuz from the Portuguese. Thunderstorms and fog are rare, but dust storms and haze occur frequently in summer. Gulbenkian, Calouste; Users may opt out of the use of the DART cookie by visiting the Google ad and content network privacy policy.

houston, tx 77002 phone: (713)241-6161 fax: (713)241-4044 url: http://www.she…, PERTAMINA There are some ephemeral streams on the Iranian coast south of Būshehr, but virtually no fresh water flows into the gulf on its Arabian side. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections?


"Persian Gulf When onshore winds are strong, the level of the coastal waters, particularly in the southern gulf, may rise by as much as 8 feet (2.4 metres), causing extensive flooding of the low sebkhas. Omissions? This site contains links to other sites. The little cloud cover is more prevalent in winter than in summer. Public Company Like most standard Web site servers, we use log files. Incorporated: 1931 as Socony-Vacuum Corporation 16 Oct. 2020 . SEE ALSO Albuquerque, Afonso de;

The Iranian shore is mountainous, and there often are cliffs; elsewhere a narrow coastal plain with beaches, intertidal flats, and small estuaries borders the gulf. Inevitably, its waters became polluted by oil spills that harmed the local fishing industry and threatened rare sea mammals and other aquatic life. The Persian Gulf is certainly one of the most vital bodies of water on the planet, as gas and oil from Middle Eastern countries flow through it, supplying much of the world's energy needs. Trade in the Gulf goes back some 5,000 years. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In the nineteenth century British commercial interests supported British military intervention in the gulf. The entrance from the Arabian Sea is via the Straits of Hormuz, which at their narrowest are only about 55 kilometers wide. Its length is some 615 miles (990 km), and its width varies from a maximum of about 210 miles (340 km) to a minimum of 35 miles (55 km) in the Strait of Hormuz. The Persian Gulf is (one of the most critical bodies of water), is positioned in the heart of the Middle East. All of our employees, agents and partners are committed to keeping your data confidential. Google, as a third-party vendor, uses cookies to serve ads on our site. Surface-water temperatures range from 75 to 90 °F (24 to 32 °C) in the Strait of Hormuz to 60 to 90 °F (16 to 32 °C) in the extreme northwest. Thompson, Elizabeth "Persian (Arabian) Gulf Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Iran occupied them in 1992, despite protests from the United Arab Emirates. Em…, founded: 1922 as shell union oil corporation The Persian Gulf Charity Foundation (PGCF) contributes to the promotion of charitable and humanitarian activities. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this site. We only use cookies to track progression on quizzes that are posted on our website. The present-day Persian Gulf, together with its northwestern continuation now infilled by the deposits of the Mesopotamian rivers, is the remains of a once much larger basin of deposition aligned northwest to southeast that existed throughout much of geologic history.

Gama, Vasco da; We do not collect any other type of personal data.
Temperatures are high, though winters may be quite cool at the northwestern extremities. ARAMCO; These sediments are thrown up by the waves to form coastal islands that enclose lagoons.

If you have clicked “yes”, your consent will be stored on our servers for six (6) months and your data will be processed as disclosed in this privacy policy. A key element of US political, military and energy economic planning occurred in early 1984. London: UCL Press, 1994. Perhaps even more important, the Gulf oil states have as much as 90 percent of the world's excess oil-production capacity—that is, oil that could be quickly produced if supplies were disrupted in some other producing area. De competitie is hetzelfde opgebouwd als de Premier League.Eerst is er de Premier League, dan de eerste divisie, de tweede divisie en de lagere lokale competities. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. De Persian Gulf Pro League, voorheen bekend onder de naam Iran Pro League, is de belangrijkste voetbalcompetitie in Iran.De IPL is een van de belangrijkste stappen geweest in het voetbalbestaan in Iran.

"Persian Gulf Oil and Gas Exports Fact Sheet." In the event that we become aware of any data security breach, alteration, unauthorized access or disclosure of any personal data, we will take all reasonable precautions to protect your data and will notify you as required by all applicable laws. This trade accounts for about 40 percent of all world-traded oil. David S. Painter New Delhi 1100 003 There are numerous islands, some of which are salt plugs or domes and others merely accumulations of coral and skeletal debris. The Iran–Iraq war had been going on for five years by that time and both sides sustained significant casualties, reaching into the hundreds of thousands. U.S.A.

Around the middle of the century steamships began to enter the Gulf. The term Persian Gulf (or Arabian Gulf, the name used by Arabs) sometimes is employed to refer not only to the Persian Gulf proper but also to its outlets, the Strait of Hormuz and the Gulf of Oman, which open into the Arabian Sea. The total length of this waterway is nearly 1,000 kilometers, and its total area is about 250,000 square kilometers. State-Owned Company Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Indeed, the first regular trade in the world of which we have any knowledge was that between the Indus Valley civilization in South Asia and Mesopotamia at the head of the Gulf. The tidal range varies from about 4 to 5 feet (1.2 to 1.5 metres) around Qatar and increases to 10 to 11 feet (3.0 to 3.4 metres) in the northwest and 9 to 10 feet (2.7 to 3.0 metres) in the extreme southeast. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In addition to the gulf's economic significance derived from trade and pearling, the British perceived the waterway as having strategic importance as a gateway to their imperial possessions in India. Huge tankers move from terminals at Khark Island in Iran, Dhahran in Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and other locations through the narrow Straits of Hormuz and onwards to Europe, Japan, and increasingly to the United States. Often the seafloor has been hardened and turned to rock by the deposition of calcium carbonate from the warm, salty waters. see also bahrain; The only important local product was fine Arabian horses. These high temperatures and a low influx of fresh water result in evaporation in excess of freshwater inflow; high salinities result, ranging from 37 to 38 parts per thousand in the entrance to 38 to 41 parts per thousand in the extreme northwest. New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press, 2000. Located in southwestern Asia, it separates the Arabian Peninsula from Iran (formerly called Persia).. Humidity is high. During the sixteenth century much of the large customs revenue of Hormuz was taken to the Portuguese capital of Goa. Risso, Patricia. petroleum, oil, and natural gas; From there camel caravans were used to get the goods to the eastern Mediterranean, where Aleppo was the greatest mart. Please contact us at or at the postal address listed above. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. “Persian Gulf” – A Symbol of Persian Identity. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Retrieved October 16, 2020 from In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. The high salinities and temperatures result in the precipitation of calcium sulfate and sodium chloride to form extensive coastal salt flats (sebkhas). Fax: (91) 11…, Oil The Persian Gulf is an extension of the Arabian Sea, positioned in the heart of the Middle East. In the fifteenth century trade in the Gulf, along with that via the Red Sea, connected Asia and the Mediterranean. Ethnic Groups, Gujarati; ."

Available from However, we have no access to or control over these cookies once we have given permission for them to set cookies for advertising. Before the advent of steamships all shipping trade was dependent on monsoon winds. . Other disputes center on three small strategic islands in the Straits of Hormuz. The gulf has a notoriously unpleasant climate.

The West could not tolerate this, and Iraq was expelled from Kuwait early in 1991. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1986.


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