duchy of greece

When they started to move toward southern Greece, Walter engaged them to reassert Athenian power in Thessaly.

Thebes was especially important, as it had been the center of Byzantine silk production, and was thus critical for the prosperity of the duchy.

Division of the Byzantine Empire, 1204 CE.by LatinEmpire (CC BY-SA). Once Constantinople fell to the Ottomans in 1453 CE, it was just a matter of time before the Duchy of Athens fell too. In 1456 CE, Turahanoğlu Bey, one of the commanders of the Ottoman sultan Mehmed II (r. 1444-1446, 1451-1481 CE), invaded the duchy, and in 1458 CE, conquered the city. Otto de la Roche (r. 1205-1225/1234 CE), a Burgundian nobleman, was appointed as the Duke of Athens. William tried to depose Guy, and Guy traveled to France to receive a judgment on whether William was Guy’s liege lord due to Guy’s territory in the Peloponnese in Greece. The Venetians and the other Latin crusaders would each receive a quarter and a half of the Byzantine Empire. Thessaly was ruled by the Empire of Thessalonica during this decade of contraction, but when Manuel was ousted from Thessalonica in 1237 CE by the returned Theodore, he went to Thessaly, where he ruled the region as an independent state from 1239 to 1241 CE. Ancient History Encyclopedia. In 1204 CE the unthinkable happened and Constantinople, after nine... Antonio I Acciaioli (r. 1403-1435 CE), Duke of Athens. The final dukes of Athens, Francesco I Acciaioli (r. 1451-1455 CE) and Francesco II Acciaioli (r. 1455-1458 CE), effectively ruled at the pleasure of the Ottomans. But When Guy died, John, now old enough to rule in his own right, tried to break free from Guy’s successor, Walter of Brienne (r. 1308-1311 CE). The region was briefly occupied by the Empire of Nicaea in 1259 but was reoccupied by Epirote forces the following year. When Antonio died, the Athenian throne was contested between his nephews, Nerio II (r. 1435-1439, 1441-1451 CE) and Antonio II (r. 1439-1441 CE). The Byzantines attempted to invade again in 1277 CE, and Michael VIII lead a campaign in person in 1282 CE but died en route. Thessaly was originally held by the regional Greek leader Leo Sgouros, but when the Latin crusaders arrived, the territory was quickly taken over by Latin lords under the nominal leadership of Boniface of Montferrat, the new King of Thessalonica (r. 1205-1207 CE). In desperation, one of Nerio’s brothers offered Athens to Venice in 1395 CE in order to protect the city. The Duchy of Athens expanded to the north when John II of Thessaly died, absorbing the southern half of that state. Brewminate uses Infolinks and is an Amazon Associate with links to items available there. It was created in the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade (1202-1204 CE) and would be ruled for the majority of its history by the Burgundian de la Roche family, the Catalans under the rule of the kings of Sicily , and the Florentine Acciaioli family. John’s widow, a Vlach princess, acquiesced to Byzantine power, and in 1295 CE, the Emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos (r. 1282-1328 CE) granted both men the title of sebastokrator, like their father. Division of the Byzantine Empire, 1204 CE. Francesco II was killed two years later on the orders of the sultan. Antonio promoted learning and culture in Athens but militarily was closely aligned with the Ottomans and continued to harass the Venetians. Walter was killed in battle. Therefore, peace was concluded between Antonio and Venice in 1405 CE, with Antonio being recognized as Antonio I Acciaioli (r. 1403-1435 CE). Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. It was under Guy’s son, John I de la Roche (r. 1263-1280 CE) that Athens grew closer to the Greek country of Thessaly to its north. The Catalans were successful, retaking several castles and ravaging the Thessalian plain, but Walter was unnerved by their success and marched his own army north to defeat them. After arriving in 1303 CE, they successfully defeated the Turks in several engagements, but their growing power terrified the Byzantines. The Duchy of Athens (Greek: Δουκᾶτον Ἀθηνῶν, Doukaton Athinon; Catalan: Ducat d'Atenes) was one of the Crusader states set up in Greece after the conquest of the Byzantine Empire during the Fourth Crusade, encompassing the regions of Attica and Boeotia, and surviving until its conquest by the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. In the aftermath, the Catalans conquered the Duchy of Athens itself. At the same time, he had difficulties at home when he tried to impose Catholicism on his new Orthodox subjects and fought against the traditional privileges of the Orthodox clergy. After its extended life of actual and nominal independence, Thessaly was now to be part of the Ottoman Empire for the next four centuries. Arbel, Benjamin & Hamilton, Bernard & Jacoby, David.

But in reality, both states operated outside of Byzantine rule and frequently allied themselves with their Latin neighbors to the south and in Italy. Goodyear, M. (2020, August 04). "Thessaly and the Duchy of Neopatras." This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Latins and Greeks in the Eastern Mediterranean After 1204, The Last Centuries of Byzantium, 1261-1453, Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported, How the Needs of Monks and Empire Builders Helped Mold the Modern-Day Office, Medieval Monastic Cistercian Architecture, Eastern Religions in the Ancient Roman World, Religion in the Ancient Graeco-Roman World.

For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Thebes was especially important, as it had been the center of Byzantine silk production, and was thus critical for the prosperity of the duchy. Following the Fourth Crusade’s sacking of Constantinople in 1204 CE, the Byzantine Empire splintered into a series of successor states. The Duchy of Athens, which had survived through mixed fortunes and dynasties, a creation from the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade, was finally at an end. Goodyear, M. (2020, August 06). The leading Latin nobles were allotted land in Greece, nominally beholden to the King of Thessalonica or the Latin Emperor. Illustration... William II of Villehardouin, Prince of Achaea, defeats Guy I de la Roche, Duke of, The Navarrese Company sacks Athenian-held, Nerio Acciaioli, with the help of the Navarrese Company, captures, Second reign of Nerio II Acciaioli, Duke of, Reign of Francesco II Acciaioli, the last duke of. When they started to move toward southern Greece, Walter engaged them to reassert Athenian power in Thessaly. It was held by the Catalans until 1390 CE, when Nerio I Acciaioli (r. 1390-1391 CE), the Florentine lord of Corinth, conquered it, having wrested the Duchy of Athens from the Catalans two years before.

As a Latin state in Greece, it was closely connected to its neighboring states as well as the rulers of southern Italy and imposed feudal law on its small territory in Attica, Boeotia, and later Thessaly. The Catalan Company was a group of mercenaries from the Kingdom of Aragon that was hired by the Byzantine emperor Andronikos II. Arbel, Benjamin & Hamilton, Bernard & Jacoby, David.

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