There is a high seismic risk in the area of the region. , The GDP per capita of Campania is the highest among the regions of South Italy, yet it is only 66.7% of the Italian average, which highlights the steep economic gap between the North and the South of Italy. Other regional seafood dishes include "frittelle di mare" (fritters with seaweed), made with edible poseidonia algae, "triglie al cartoccio" (red mullet in the bag), and "alici marinate" (fresh anchovies in olive oil). Salerno received the first "Tricolore" in an official ceremony on 7 January 2012 from the premier Mario Monti, to celebrate the glorious story of Italy and its old capitals. From pizza-loving Naples in the north to fresh fruits, vegetables and cheeses in the countryside and along the stunning Amalfi Coast, discover the cuisine of Campania and why it should be at the top of your must-visit list.
By the end of the Middle Ages, the medical school of Salerno, which combined ancient Roman and Greek medicine with Arab medicine, was known throughout Europe and its methods were adopted across the continent. In the Middle Ages, the artist Giotto made some frescoes in Castel Nuovo.
Mathematician Renato Caccioppoli, nephew of the Russian anarchic revolutionary Mikhail Bakunin, was born in Naples.
, The region, with a population of over 5.8 million inhabitants, is divided into five provinces: Naples, Benevento, Avellino, Caserta and Salerno. Italian poet and writer Giacomo Leopardi established his home in Naples and Torre del Greco, remaining there at the end of his brief young life. He issued the first modern laws in Europe to protect, defend and preserve archaeological sites. There's a lot to experience in Campania, more than you can possibly imagine. Geologist Giuseppe Mercalli, born in Milan in 1850, was a director of the Vesuvius Observatory.  During the Second Punic War in 216 BC, Capua, in a bid for equality with Rome, allied with Carthage. The rich natural beauty of Campania makes it highly important in the tourism industry, with the city of Naples, the Amalfi Coast, Mount Vesuvius, and the islands of Capri and Ischia continuing to be major attractions.
 During the Pyrrhic War in 275 BC, the Battle of Beneventum took place in Campania in the Samnite city of Maleventum, in which the Romans, led by the consul Curius Dentatus, were victorious. What a nice website they have too (see below). Russians call this same dish Olivier Salad, and Germans call it Italian salad. As UK Agents for many global ingredient suppliers, we act on behalf of the factory so relationship and communication is key. German archaeologist Johann Joachim Winckelmann also visited Naples, Paestum, Herculaneum and Pompeii in 1748 and later, studying how archaeological surveys were conducted in the kingdom of Naples. Campania Food The Pasta of Gragnano The Consortium safeguarding the pasta makers of Gragnano (Consorzio di Tutela della Pasta di Gragnano IGP) was founded in 2003 with a mission to protect and develop Pasta di Gragnano IGP in Italy and around the world. Since the Greek colony of Elea, now Velia, Campania was home to philosophers of the Pre-Socratic philosophy school, such as Parmenides and Zeno of Elea, who came to prominence around 490–480 BC. Contemporary Campanian writers include Curzio Malaparte and Domenico Rea.
At the beginning of the 70s, plans for the de-industrialization of the area were presented, as it was perceived that the causes of competitiveness loss were impossible to remove. He was burnt in Rome by the Spanish Inquisition in 1600. Another Campanian dish is the so-called Russian salad (which is based on similar dishes from France), made of potatoes in mayonnaise garnished with shrimp and vegetables in vinegar. Rapini (or Broccoli rabe), known locally as friarielli, are often used in the regional cooking. Among these species, there is an ancient vegetable dating from XIX century which was about to disappear and virtually impossible to find: the Re Umberto (King Umbert) tomato. Chef Carmen has been running culinary vacations and cooking lessons along the Sorrento Peninsular and Amalfi Coast for over a decade and she is considered to be a leader in the field of cooking breaks in this marvellous corner of Italy. It is an old Austrian cake, which arrived in Campania during the Austrian domination of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies and was modified there to become a "walking cake" for citizens always in a hurry for work and other pursuits. Sfogliatella is another cake from the Amalfi Coast, as is Zeppole, traditionally eaten on Saint Joseph's day. A Mars mission named ExoMars in 2016 had a major part of its technology designed in Naples. The climate is typically Mediterranean along the coast, whereas in the inner zones it is more continental, with low temperatures in winter.  During the Baroque era it was home to artists including Caravaggio, Rosa and Bernini; philosophers such as Telesio, Bruno, Campanella and Vico; and writers such as Battista Marino.
In 1976, a definitive report concluded that the lack of competitiveness was due to "impossibility to expand the facilities because of lack of space".  Charles officially moved the capital from Palermo to Naples where he resided at the Castel Nuovo. In this context the Association ACARBIO has committed itself since 2009 to the promotion of the local area, of sustainable development and in environmental topics, dedicating special attention to the recovery of local biodiversity and agricultural production at risk of extinction. As with the Russian salad, Campania is home to popular seafood-based dishes, such as "insalata di mare" (seafood salad), "zuppa di polpo" (octopus soup), and "zuppa di cozze" (mussel soup). The mountainous interior is fragmented into several massifs, rarely reaching 2,000 metres (Miletto of 2,050 m), whereas close to the coast there are volcanic massifs: Vesuvio (1,277 m) and Campi Flegrei. Coordinates: 40°49′34″N 14°15′23″E / 40.82611°N 14.25639°E / 40.82611; 14.25639.  The region is home to 10 of the 55 UNESCO sites in Italy, like Pompeii and Herculaneum, the Royal Palace of Caserta, the Amalfi Coast and the Historic Centre of Naples. He was the first to theorize infinite suns and infinite worlds in the universe.
The fishing village of Cetara along the Amalfi Coast in the province of Salerno is famous for its 'colatura di alici' or fishy anchovy sauce.  Unfortunately, the period of relative calm was violently interrupted by the epic eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 which buried the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. Within the province, the highest density can be found along the coast, where it reaches 13,000 inhabitants per km2 in the city of Portici. The 20th century's best known philosopher and literate in Naples was Benedetto Croce, known for his studies in aesthetics, ethics, logic, economy, history, politics. , At one point in history, a distinct group of Oscan-speaking tribes from the Samnium (in south-central Italy), the Samnites, moved down into Campania. , Coastal areas in the region were colonised by the Ancient Greeks between the 8th and 7th centuries BC, becoming part of the so-called Magna Graecia.
Campania is rich in culture, especially in regard to gastronomy, music, architecture, and the presence of archaeological and ancient sites such as Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis, Paestum, Aeclanum, Stabiae, and Velia. The Astronomic Observatory of Capodimonte was founded by King Joachim Murat, in 1816.
Unlike central and northern Italy, in the last decade the region of Campania has not attracted large numbers of immigrants. Neapolitan Pizza , Sea-based activity accounts about 3.9% of the economy, that includes port movements of goods and passengers and sea transportation, as well as a sizable seaside tourism economy. Naples, with its Greek language and customs, made it a centre of Hellenistic culture for the Romans, creating the first traces of Greco-Roman culture. Hazelnut production is especially relevant in the province of Avellino – in Spanish, in Portuguese and in Occitan the hazelnut is respectively called avellana, avelã and avelano, after the city of Avella. The "Circolo Savoia" and "Canottieri Napoli" sailing clubs are among the oldest in Italy and are known for their regattas. Over half of the population is resident in the province of Naples, where there is a population density of 2,626 inhabitants per km2. Campanian cuisine varies within the region. He died at Naples in 1837.  The number of lawyers is 5.7 every 1000, by comparison in Northern region Trentino-Alto Adige the number is 1.7. There is a massive automotive industrial production, focused on high-quality models of brands Alfa Romeo, in facilities located in Pomigliano d'Arco in the Naples metropolitan area and in Cassino.  The Republicans conquered Castel Sant'Elmo and proclaimed a Parthenopaean Republic, secured by the French Army. While Neapolitan dishes centre on seafood, Casertan and Aversan ones rely more on fresh vegetables and cheeses.  The metropolitan area of Naples is limited by two dangerous areas, the Mount Vesuvius on the South, and supervolcano Campi Flegrei on the North, leaving little space in proximity of the sea. Don't be confused by 'fior di latte' which looks the same as mozzarella but is made from 100% cow's milk. Romulus Augustus, the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, died as a prisoner of the German general Odoacer at Naples around 500. The real buffalo mozzarella is also produced following strict guidelines laid down by the 'Consorzio di Tutela' whose job is to guarantee the Mozzarella di Bufala Campana DOP authenticity. Delicious local Italian typical products if you are planning a vacation or visit to Naples, the Amalfi Coast and the rest of Campania. Campania mainly produces fruit and vegetables, but has also expanded its production of flowers grown in greenhouses, becoming one of the leading regions of the sector in Italy.
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