ayodhya old name

[5] Rama himself entered the waters of the Sarayu river, along with all the inhabitants of the city, and ascended to heaven. Safdarjung, the second Nawab of Awadh, who made Faizabad a military headquarters. [21] This indicates that the Ayodhya of Sanskrit epic literature is a fictional city. [16], According to Hans T. Bakker's analysis, the Sanskrit sources that mention Ayodhya but not Saketa are predominantly fictional in nature: these texts include Mahabharata, Ramayana, and Purana-pancha-lakshana. The Lok Sabha constituency is called Faizabad, and is currently represented by Lallu Singh of BJP. The older parts of Ramayana only suggest that it was located in the vicinity of the Sarayu river.

For example, the first tirthankara Rishabha is said to have been born in Ikkhagabhumi (according to Kalpasutra) or Viniya (according to Jambu-dvipa-prajnapati), which are identified as Ayodhya (Aojhha) or Saketa. [18], Kishore Kunal argues that there is no historical evidence to support the theory that Saketa was renamed as "Ayodhya" by Skandagupta. Last week, the Uttar Pradesh government changed Faizabad district’s name to Ayodhya. During this journey, he passes through places located in present-day Odisha and Assam. tasyāṃ hiraṇyayaḥkośaḥ svargo jyotiṣāvṛtaḥ, Eight-wheeled, nine-doored, is the impregnable stronghold of the gods; Yogi Adityanath’s reputation for changing Muslim names into Hindu names goes back beyond his chief ministerial tenure. For all the latest Explained News, download Indian Express App. From Independence until 1971, Faizabad elected Congress MPs as the party consolidated Brahmin-Muslim-Dalit votes. Bigg Boss 14 October 19 episode LIVE UPDATES: Who will get evicted? Saket can be alternatively used for Heaven or Vaikuntha in Hindu epics, where liberated souls dwell. [19] The Buddhist Pali-language texts name a city called Ayojjha or Ayujjha (Pali for Ayodhya), but suggest that it was located on the banks of the Ganges river (see below). The latest moves come at a time when, sources said, the RSS has been critical of the state government on several issues.

Arguments cited in favour of this identification include: A section of scholars have argued that the legendary Ayodhya of Ramayana is a purely mythical city, and is not same as the present-day Ayodhya. The 14th century commentator Sayana also confirms this meaning of the word. Ayodhya (impregnable), the city of the gods, consists of eight circles (also cycles) and nine entrances; For example, the Samyutta Nikaya states "Once Lord Buddha was walking in Ayodhya on the bank of the Ganga river". The Purana-pancha-lakshana also describes the city as the capital of Ikshvaku kings, including Harishchandra. Whoever knows it as the Creator's city ever surrounded with nectar A 533-534 CE inscription mentions a nobleman from Ayodhya. [35] the later text Bhagavad Gita also describes the human body as a city with nine doors, in which the soul resides.

There are more cities that he plans to rename soon, sources close to him told The Indian Express. Ayodhya is a legendary city mentioned in the ancient Sanskrit-language texts, including the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. [13] According to these scholars, the process of identifying the legendary Ayodhya with Saketa (an ancient name of present-day Ayodhya) began in the early centuries CE, and was completed during the Gupta period.[15]. According to Uttara Kanda, a later addition to the Ramayana, Rama divided the kingdom into North and South Kosala at the end of his reign, with respective capitals at Shravasti and Kusavati, and installed his two sons (Lava and Kusa) to rule them. Tulsidas’s Ramcharitmanas, which tells the story of Lord Rama, was written in Awadhi, the local dialect. Ayodhya is the birthplace of at least five Jain tirthankaras, and Lord Buddha also preached there. In Patna not to avenge father's LS defeat, but to fight for people: Luv Sinha, https://images.indianexpress.com/2020/08/1x1.png, here to join our channel (@indianexpress). tasmai brahma ca brāhmā ca āyuḥ kirtim prajāṃ daduḥ Saketa is also an old name for the ancient city of Ayodhya, an important Hindu religious place, the capital of Kosala and the birthplace of Lord Rama, the hero of epic Ramayana. The same year, some VHP followers were killed in police firing in 1990. The historicity of this legendary city is of concern to the Ayodhya dispute. vibhrājamānām hariṇīṃ yaśasā saṃparīvṛtām The district, currently named Faizabad, is headquartered at Faizabad city, nearly 7 km from Ayodhya city. Shravasti, another significant city during Buddha’s time, is 115 km from Ayodhya. It is referred to as Saket in traditional Buddhist literature. [4], The Ramayana states that the city was ruled by king Dasaratha, a descendant of king Ikshvaku. The VHP announced a kar seva (start construction) and lakhs of followers assembled in Ayodhya, alongside several BJP and RSS leaders. For example, a 436 CE inscription describes a donation to Brahmins hailing from Ayodhya. As Chief Minister, he changed the name of Allahabad to Prayagraj only last month. [27], The JNU historians agree that an ancient historical city called "Ayodhya" (Pali: Ayojjha or Ayujjha[20]) existed, but argue that it was not same as the modern Ayodhya, or the legendary city described in the Ramayana. It was Nawab Saadat who gave Faizabad city this name. Why is Pakistan opposition on streets against Imran Khan? Saket (1932), a famous Hindi epic poem by Maithili Sharan Gupt, a modern-version of Ramcharitmanas, which described an ideal Hindu society and Rama as an ideal man. It is a historical fact that Faxian, the Chinese Buddhist monk who had travelled to India, had written about the presence of 100 Ashoka Stupas in Ayodhya.

These include the Abhisheka and Pratimanataka by the poet Bhāsa (dated 2nd century CE or earlier), and the Raghuvamsha of Kalidasa (c. 5th century CE). A, This page was last edited on 15 August 2020, at 18:56. The Ramayana depicts Ayodhya as an urban centre with palaces and buildings, while the excavations at present-day Ayodhya indicate a primitive life. [17] The earliest extant inscriptions mentioning a place called Ayodhya are from the Gupta period. Ayodhya Old Name Latest Hindi News, Ayodhya Old Name Breaking News, Find all Ayodhya Old Name से जुड़ी खबरें at Live Hindustan, page1 [3] Both Ramayana and Mahabharata describe Ayodhya as the capital of the Ikshvaku dynasty of Kosala, including Rama and Dasharatha. NEW DELHI: One of the longest-running battles in India’s legal history has just concluded.

Explained: What is Haryana’s ‘flexi-examination’ system for post-graduate students? The RSS and other Sangh Parivar outfits, however, have kept the issue alive. It lies on the Ghaghara River just east of Faizabad. [16], Bakker notes that the legend of Rama was not always connected with Ayodhya: for example, the Buddhist Dasaratha-jataka mentions Varanasi, not Ayodhya, as the capital of Dasharatha and Rama. yo vai tāṃ brahmaṇo vedāmṛtenāvṛtāṃ puram However, this verse was fabricated by a Brahmin of Lucknow: it is not found in the original Ramayana text. [28] In his support, he presents another verse from Samyutta Nikaya (4.35.241.205), which states "Once Lord Buddha was walking in Kaushambi on the bank of the Ganga river". B. Lal and H. D. Sankalia, have identified the legendary Ayodhya with the present-day Ayodhya town, but this theory is not universally accepted.[9]. Mohammad Shami wanted to bowl six yorkers in Super Over: KL Rahul, Here are the best deals on premium noise cancelling headphones, Google Nest Audio review: The cure for pandemic loneliness, New legal framework for contract farming benefits farmer, consumer, investor, The concept of public goods can be experimentally put to use in the current pandemic for a social cause, Countries more successful in curbing COVID-19 are welfare states, ruled by left-of-centre parties, Here’s why you should have jaggery and ghee after meals, Indian Army apprehends Chinese soldier in eastern Ladakh after ‘straying’ across LAC. Sāketa in Sanskrit, or Saket in Hindi, thus a place where God resides. [33] The verse describes the human body (pur) as having eight chakras and nine orifices:[34], aṣṭācakrā navadvārā devānāṃ pūrayodhyā [19], According to M. C. Joshi, "a critical examination of the geographical data available in Valmiki's narratives does not justify the commonly accepted identification of the ancient city with the modern one". In 1977, Socialist leader Anantram Jaiswal won on a Bharatiya Lok Dal (BLD), before the Congress reclaimed the seat in 1980 and 1984. [24], According to the JNU historians, this myth of "re-discovery" seems to recognize that modern Ayodhya is not same as the ancient Ayodhya, and appears to be an attempt to impart the modern town a religious sanctity that it originally lacked.

Also Ajanavana, an ancient forest (deer park) near Saket (Ayodhya) was where Gautam Buddha once stayed and preached. within it there is the golden treasure-dome, the celestial world, ever-illuminated with light (north pole). In a tweet on Friday, the former MP stated that the ‘Dhamma Chakra’ and ‘Stupas’ recovered from the site bore testimony to his claim: "I am not commenting on the Supreme court verdict as the Apex Court had said it was a matter of faith. His son Rama was exiled to the forest, and returned to the city after several travails, establishing an ideal rule in the kingdom. The writings of Xuanzang (c. 602–664 CE) associate the town with Buddhism. [4], Several other literary works based on the story of Rama also mention Ayodhya. [16], Hans T. Bakker notes that no place called Ayodhya is attested by any epigraphic or other archaeological evidence before the 2nd century CE. puraṃ hiraṇyayīṃ brahmā viveśāparājitām. In 1989, when the movement for a Ram temple in Ayodhya was at its peak, the seat was won by a CPI candidate, Mitrasen Yadav, who later won the seat for also the Samajwadi Party and the BSP ticket.

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